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Waste and Residues

The energy recovery of household and industrial waste is a key element in waste management policies

The biodegradable content of household waste, and that of some industrial waste, is a renewable energy source under Directive 2009/28/EC and therefore contributes to meeting the targets for renewable energy in the national energy mix.

 

The energy recovery of household and industrial waste is a key element in the waste management policies of most European countries. In line with the hierarchy of waste management established in Directive 2009/28 (which prioritises prevention, preparation for reuse, and recycling over recovery processes) no European country has succeeded in reducing landfill (which is the lowest rung of the management hierarchy, below recovery) to a negligible level without resorting to energy recovery rates ranging from 30 to 50%.

 

Legislation

Law 22/2011, of residues and contaminated ground 

State Framework Plan for Management of Waste and Residues (PEMAR) 2016-2022 

Royal Decree 815/2013, which approves the Regulation of industrial emissions